Constanta lies on the western coast of the Black Sea in Romania and is an important cultural, economic and industrial center, situated at the crossroads of many commercial routes.
As of 2017, the city has a population of nearly 304,000 inhabitants, making it one of the largest in Romania.
The Port of Constanta is a hub for the Black Sea Region and one of the most important in Europe. It connects two Pan – European Transport Corridors: Corridor VII – Danube and Corridor IV.
Constanta is a multipurpose port that can serve different types of freight forwarders thanks to modern facilities and sufficient water depths.
The Port of Constanta covers around 3926ha, of which 2613ha is water and 1313ha island.
With the two backwaters located both northwards and southwards and sheltering the port, it offers safe conditions for port activities.
Great connections with different modes of transport, such as railway, river, airway or road, make it accessible for any freight forwarder.
The port has a handling capacity of 100,000,000 tons per year.
Constanta Port has different terminals, serving a different purpose.
Represented by oil products with the capacity of 24,000,000 tons for unloading.
Liquid bulk can be transhipped into river vessels or carried through pipelines.
Dry bulk :
The port ranks high as one of the major European bulk centers.
Two terminals that handle iron ore and coal have the storage capacity of 4.7 million tons, with the annual operations going over 27 million tons.
Terminals specialized for fertilizers and chemical products have storage capacities over 100,000 tons and operating around 4.2 million tons per year.
Constanta Port serves as an important partner for many Central and Eastern European countries with high agricultural production, being able to store 350,000 tons simultaneously.
Four container terminals offer modern facilities for freight forwarders, registering a record of container traffic of 1,411,387 TEU in the Black Sea Region in 2007. The terminal has three railway lines, capable of handling 3 trains with 30 wagons each at the same time.
Services provided for freight forwarders that handle food, tobacco, beverages, cellulose, paper, and cardboard, as well as rolled metals and machine parts. Competitive facilities offer great options for storing goods inadequate conditions (refrigerators offered for food products).
The Ro-ro terminals offer a storage area of 17,000 sq.m. with the maximum loading/unloading capacity of 100 units in one and a storage area of 71,00 sq.m. and the accommodation space for 5400 vehicles in the other. The ferry boat terminal also offers good conditions for loading and unloading.
The passenger terminal has the capacity of 100,000 passengers per year, being one of the most recent investments and hoping to attract more tourism.
Barges and River Tugs:
This terminal was created as a result of the increasing traffic of cargoes transported by barges on the Danube – Black Sea Canal and is able to accommodate around 140 – 150 river units.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas:
The terminal has a storage capacity of 4000 cubic meters and the installations comprise of 10 tanks of 400mc, high productivity pumps, and automation as well as unloading lamps. This terminal has a potential to become one of the most important on the liquefied petroleum gas market in the Central and Eastern Europe.
The Port of Constanta handles a traffic of 55,000,000 – 60,000,000 tonnes of cargo per year, based on the previous annual reports, with the dry bulk being one of the busiest terminals. The number of containers handled has dropped down from 800,000 to 435,000 in the past years.
The port administration is looking at improving and upgrading the existing infrastructure to continuously adapt to larger ships and new types of cargo and to attract more freight forwarders to use it. One of the main challenges of the port is to attract green energy, oil-related and recycling businesses.
In 2017 the port has completed the investment in the modernization and extension of the electrical lighting installations in order to improve the quality of its utilities, and in terms of energy efficiency by using more economically practical lighting equipment.
Last year Constanta Port has handled three millions of grain more than previous years, making it a leading cereal hub in Europe. Great connections and wide range of rail, road, water, pipeline and river networks make it one of the most important centers for any freight forwarder, providing easy access to many European countries and linking the economies of Europe with the Black Sea and Asian countries.