The EUR1 movement certificate, most commonly referred to as the EUR.1, is a form that is used in the international movement of goods, where exporters and importers can benefit from lowered or even negligible duty rates. It is specially used in the framework of different preferential multi and bilateral agreements of the European Union Association Agreement.
The EUR.1 certification is made under the condition that the products must have been totally manufactured, transformed and processed finally in a member country. The EUR.1 Certificate is usually applied for when the goods are manufactured inside the European Union and are to be exported to a country with which an agreement of trade already exists. The EUR.1 applicant, who is generally the exporter, should be ideally able to benefit from the mutually beneficial trade agreements. This is generally done through presentation of the invoice of the supplier mentioning the origin of the product. While the EUR.1 Certificate is not mandatory, it can be used by exporters or importers to gain financial benefit from lowered rates of duty.
The exporter fills up the the EUR.1 application form and then submits it to the competent authority in his country, which is the Customs, wether it is a member of the European Union or a partner country through the agreements. The Customs then certify the form with their seal and signature and return the same to the exporter.The EUR.1 is hence used to garner some benefit from trade terms that are favorable according to a preferred trade policy of the European Union. This is usually done for shipments which are worth more than 6000 Euros.
Usually, one will require a Harmonised System coding for the products that need the EUR.1 certification. This is a comprehensive method of coding of products and category classification that is used through the competent government authorities of different countries. This is also referred to commonly as a “Tariff Number”. One can very easily search for the HS code for a particular product by using the tariff database website of the European Union and keying in the details of the shipped goods in the “Full Text Search” box.
The EUR.1 Certificate is generally used for shipment of material within countries participating in the EUR.1 Agreement. The following countries are a primary party to this agreement :Algeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Serbia, Montenegro, Kososvo, Macedonia, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Norway, Tunisia, Syria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Iceland, Mexico, Chile, South Africa, Andorra, Albania, the association of the Caribbean states and overseas partner countries.
Along with the completed EUR.1 form, the following documents also need to be submitted as a backup :* A Packing List and a Commercial Invoice. If someone has authorized someone else to sign on the EUR.1 on their behalf, then a Letter of Authorization will also be required to be submitted* If the goods are shipped before the issuance of the Certificate, then they will also be asked to input proof that the shipment has been made like an entry in the Box. No. 7 of the form mentioning that it is issued in retrospect.
There are four pages in the EUR.1 form. On the first page, there are 12 numbers of boxes, all of which need to be filled in. The second page is usually kept blank. The third page is usually kept as a complete copy of the First Page. The fourth page is usually the Application Form where one needs to enter the declaration and mention the Classification of Tariff of the goods which are to be shipped. For this, one needs to ascertain and mention that the origin and nature of goods under Notice 828 and 829.
The declarations, that must carry an original signatory and that must be the same as the signatory on the appropriate boxes of the first page. The EUR.1 Certificates can only be issued Customs Departments in the countries of export and not by any Embassy of any country. One must even include gross or net weights of goods to be shipped on the EUR.1 forms.