Freight Forwarder Directory

Discovering Kabul. Afganistan Cargo Freight Terminal.

countries largely depend on trade their home has grown and manufactured products to
boost the economy. Cargo activity is largely assisted by air transport, due to
its quick time frame and large capacity. There is a lot of organization,
however, that must take place for this option to be accessible. Kabul is the
main city that cares for the many exports of Afghanistan.




Kabul City




is the capital of Afghanistan, and houses the largest population of any other
city in the country. Located on the East side, the population exceeds 4 �
million individuals. Urbanization, as a result of job necessity, has been the
most contributing factor in this expansion. This is a big change from
Afghanistan’s largely agricultural roots. Its convenient location in a valley
amid the Hindu Kush Mountains results in successful trade activity with parts
of Asia. Kabul produces many products, including dried fruit, nuts, and
leather. Major improvements to the injured economy have been made within the
last decade, with shopping malls being a major investment. The largest business
area is called District 9 and includes many beneficial business structures and




Capacity, and Airline Activity




the international airport in Kabul has two terminals and is surrounded by various
military bases representing various countries. The recently added second
terminal has allowed the older one to be used solely for domestic flights.
Seven helicopter pads are also present and used for mainly military use. The airport is able to hold up to 100 aircraft
at any point in time. The majority of airlines that utilize the airport in
Kabul participates in cargo activity. Not all companies have come to an
agreement to carry freight, at present. A larger capacity is needed to
accommodate an ongoing large-scale trade. The airport in Kabul is located about 5
kilometers from the center of the city, making it largely convenient for
businesses that participate in trade.








exports have become a large part of trade activity for Afghanistan. Kabul
experiences difficulty with land trade due to its land-enclosed location and
complications with Pakistan. India is the largest recipient of goods from the
country. Expenses associated with air delivery often limit the items sent in
this fashion. Costly items are more likely to be sent by air, making the
extensive charges more manageable. Lower insurance and packaging costs,
however, contribute to the positive aspects. As of 2016 about 10-20% of
Afghanistan’s exports are sent by air, with 87% of these going to India. Even
with these increases, the totals dollar amount of imports is well exceeding
that of exports. These flights are also not making the most use of the flight
by combining the return of goods with an export trip. Export capabilities need
to be increased to balance revenue. According to the World Bank, Afghanistan’s
cargo exports reached 29 million tons in 2016, down from over 33 million tons
in 2015.These statistics are measured times the kilometers traveled.








Kabul airport is dealing with some issues that limit their export ability
Security is an issue, deterring some airlines from committing to regular export
activity. A security upgrade could easily motivate the cooperation of more well-known
airline companies. These more prominent companies have larger planes that are
able to increase the number of products sent on one mission. This one change
could increase exports and save revenue.




for freight has also been an issue. A storage facility referred to as a “hub”
is the solution to this problem. Cargo is taken to these hubs, often offsite,
and distributed directly from this area. This can also help to encourage
exports from smaller, local vendors. Engagement of local businesses can improve
the economy, as well. No on-site storage, or sizeable hub off-site, is
available for cargo at this time. There is an area designated, however, for
processing of goods. Loading equipment and fuel storage are available on the
airport premises.




causes exports from Kabul to take longer than they do in other places. Customs
clearance is still done manually at the airport, using employee time and making
flights take off slowly. Many airports that operate export operations on a
global basis have implemented a more time efficient method. Delays severely
impede progress when it comes to quantity and monetary gain.




and the entirety of Afghanistan, has valuable assets to share globally. Cargo
transfer has undergone several limitations due to past political upset. The
airport in Kabul, however, has made positive changes to its terminal
availability. Large amounts of exports are making their way to India, with 13%
of products distributed to other locations. Offsite storage, security improvements,
and efficient customs methods can further improve export activity out of Kabul.





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